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Sengol is not only historically significant in India but is also deeply connected to Hindu philosophy. In Hinduism, a sceptre, known as "Dand," symbolizes power, authority, and divine sovereignty. Many people misinterpret "Dand" as punishment, but that is not true. In Sanskrit, "Dand" (डंड) means sceptre, while "Dand" (दण्ड) means punishment.


Significance of Sengol

In Hinduism, the sceptre is often depicted in the hands of gods and goddesses associated with ruling, protection, and justice. It symbolizes their divine authority over the universe. The sceptre is usually adorned with intricate carvings, gemstones, and sacred symbols, enhancing its significance. Bhagwan Vishnu, the protector of the universe, holds a sceptre called "Kaumodaki," which shows his power to keep order and protect the world. Bhagwan Shiva, known for destruction and transformation, holds a sceptre called "Trishula," symbolizing his power over creation, preservation, and destruction. Bhagwan Brahma also holds a sceptre, known as "Brahmdand." These sceptres can be used as divine weapons and can't be balanced by anyone else.

 

History of Sengol

The "Sengol," derived from the Tamil word "Semmai" meaning "Righteousness," holds a profound historical legacy. Crafted from precious metals like gold and silver, often adorned with priceless gemstones, the Sengol sceptre carried immense significance. During ceremonies, Chola emperors wielded it to symbolize their authority in the 9th to 13th centuries CE. Renowned for temple building, maritime trade, efficient governance, and military strength, the Cholas ruled over Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Odisha, and Sri Lanka. The Sengol sceptre also symbolized legitimacy and succession within the Chola dynasty, passed ceremonially from one monarch to the next by a high priest or guru. This tradition reflects the rich cultural and historical tapestry of South India.

sengol

Meaning of Sengol

Sengol" is derived from the Tamil word "Semmai," which means righteousness. This silver and gold-plated scepter is 5 feet long and has a bull on the orb at its top. According to India's Press Information Bureau, the bull is Nandi, the vehicle of the Hindu god Shiva, symbolizing justice.

 

Our View

The Sengol symbolizes more than just a sceptre. It represents the need for leaders to be fair, transparent, and accountable. It stands for inclusivity, encouraging leaders to listen to different viewpoints, promote social justice, and ensure equal opportunities for everyone.

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