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Introduction:

Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya, a renowned Indian educationist, social reformer, and political leader, emerged as a key figure in molding the educational sphere of India during the era preceding independence. His birth took place on December 25, 1861, in Allahabad now known as Prayagraj, where he committed his existence to the pursuit of education, societal betterment, and the construction of a nation. Reverently referred to as 'Mahamana,' Malaviya's profound contributions continue to ignite inspiration among generations, acting as an enduring foundation in the annals of contemporary India's history. Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya's early life was marked by an intense desire for learning and a deep commitment to social service. He completed his education at the Allahabad University and later went on to pursue a degree in law. His academic prowess and passion for education laid the foundation for his future endeavours in the field of education.


Pt. Madan Mohan Malaviya

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Major contributions of Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya:

1. He contributed to the fight for Indian independence from British rule and established the esteemed Banaras Hindu University (BHU) in 1916 in Varanasi. At the BHU, he assumed the position of Vice-Chancellor from 1919 to 1938.

2. Hindu Mahasabha: Malaviya, a prominent figure in the early days of the Hindu Mahasabha, played a pivotal role in its establishment back in 1906. Known for his dedication to social change, he also enjoyed success as a legislator, serving as a valued member of the Imperial Legislative Council for a commendable span of 11 years from 1909 to 1920.

3. In the session of 1918, Pandit Malviya, as the President of the Indian National Congress, proclaimed 'Satyamev Jayate', one of the most renowned slogans.

4. Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya, a notable figure in Indian history, held the esteemed position of President of the Indian National Congress for not one, but four sessions. These sessions took place in the years 1909, 1913, 1919, and 1932. It is worth mentioning that Pandit Malviya's contributions were not limited to his prestigious role as President; he made significant contributions to the Civil Disobedience and Non-cooperation movements, both of which were spearheaded by none other than Mahatma Gandhi himself.

5. From 1924 to 1946, he held the esteemed position of chairman at Hindustan Times. Alongside this role, he took the initiative to establish various Hindi and English newspapers like The Leader, Maryada, and Hindustan Dainik.


Legacy and Recognition:

In 2015 Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya was awarded the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian award, in recognition of his exceptional service to the nation. The Banaras Hindu University continues to thrive as a testament to his vision, providing quality education to thousands of students across diverse disciplines. The life of Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya is a shining example of how education can bring about profound change and shape societies. His vision for a united and progressive India, combined with his unwavering commitment to education, continues to motivate people to pursue greatness and make positive contributions to society. Malaviya's legacy endures through the educational institutions he established, the principles he advocated for, and the countless lives he touched through his relentless efforts to improve the human condition.


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